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What is the RHQ

Acceptance of Refugees in Japan

The Government of Japan decided to accept Indo-Chinese refugees for settlement in Japan in 1978. The Coordination Council for Indo-Chinese Refugees and Displaced Persons was set up at the Cabinet Secretariat to move ahead on measures and policies for promotion of settlement. In November 1979, the government entrusted the work of settlement to the Foundation for the Welfare and Education of the Asian People (FWEAP), and the Refugee Assistance Headquarters (RHQ) was established under the Foundation. Japan has accepted more than 11,000 Indo-Chinese refugees. This project was ended in March 2006.
Japan acceded to the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, and established a refugee recognition system in 1982. The Ministry of Justice examines each application for refugee status in the light of the Refugee Convention. So far more than 610 people have been recognized as refugees (Convention Refugees) by the Minister of Justice.
In August 2002, it was decided with cabinet approval to grant assistance for settlement to Convention refugees as well. It was also decided that the task for settlement of the Convention Refugees was to be entrusted to RHQ.
In December 2008, the Goverment of Japan decided by its cabinet approval to launch a resettlement pilot project, and it accepted Myanmar refugees from refugee camps in Thailand; 5 families 27 people as the first batch in 2010 and 4 families 18 people as the second batch in 2011. RHQ has been implementing the Settlement Support Program for these resettled refugees since 2010.

About RHQ

RHQ has carried out various projects for refugee assistance in the Head Office, the Kansai Branch and RHQ Support Center. The projects are contracted to RHQ and financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Agency for Cultural Affairs, and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.

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